The Venetians invent the first proshesis to be worn behind the eyelids. These original prostheses were very thin shells that were sharp and uncomfortable. Usually wearers would remove their prosthesis at night to get relief from discomfort and to avoid the possibility of breakage.
Dutch eye surgeon Hermann Snellen developed the "Reform" eye. The "Reform" prosthesis was a hollow, thicker prosthesis with rounded edges.
Marked the first time that a glass sphere was implanted in the scleral cavity shortly after evisceration.
U.S. Ocularists were forced to find an alternate material to make artificial eyes with because of the war against Germany.
The U.S. Army dental tech-nicians made the first ever plastic artificial eye.
Most ocularists began taking impressions to make better fitting eyes for their patients.
The A.S.O. began to certify ocularists.
The American Society of Ocularist was founded (A.S.O.)
The A.S.O. was accepted into the American Academy of Ophthalmology (A.A.O.). Also the National Commission of Health Certifying Agencies began an independent testing organization for ocularists and named it the National Examining Board of Ocularists (NEBO).